Search Results

Return to List
Results 1–20 of 24
Title Date
1.

End of Life Decision Making

Number 617

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 403, April 2008)

ABSTRACT: Obstetrician–gynecologists care for women throughout their lifespans and are in an ideal position to have ongoing discussions with healthy patients about their values and wishes regarding future care and to encourage them to complete an advance directive for health care. In addition, sit...

January 2015

2.

Increasing Access to Abortion

Number 613

(Replaces No. 424, January 2009)

ABSTRACT: Safe, legal abortion is a necessary component of women’s health care. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports the availability of high-quality reproductive health services for all women and is committed to improving access to abortion. Access to abortion is threa...

November 2014

PDF Format
3.

Abortion Training and Education

Number 612

(Replaces No. 424, January 2009)

ABSTRACT: Access to safe abortion hinges upon the availability of trained abortion providers. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports education for students in health care fields as well as clinical training for residents and advanced practice clinicians in abortion care i...

November 2014

PDF Format
4.

Sexual Assault

Number 592

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 499, August 2011)

ABSTRACT: Reproductive-aged victims of sexual assault are at risk of unintended pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections, and mental health conditions, including posttraumatic stress disorder. Health care providers should screen routinely for a history of sexual assault and offer victims both em...

April 2014

PDF Format
5.

Elective Surgery and Patient Choice

Number 578

(Replaces No. 395, January 2008)

ABSTRACT: Acknowledgment of the importance of patient autonomy and increased patient access to information, such as information on the Internet, has prompted more patient-generated requests for surgical interventions not traditionally recommended. Depending on the context, acceding to a request fo...

November 2013

PDF Format
6.

Marriage Equality for Same-Sex Couples

Number 574

(Replaces No. 428, February 2009)

ABSTRACT: Same-sex couples encounter barriers to health care that include concerns about confidentiality and disclosure, stigma and discriminatory attitudes and treatment, limited access to health care and health insurance, and often a limited understanding of their health risks. Same-sex couples ...

September 2013

PDF Format
7.

Benefits to Women of Medicaid Expansion Through the Affordable Care Act

Number 552

ABSTRACT: Many U.S. women are uninsured and face avoidable adverse obstetric and gynecologic health outcomes. The Affordable Care Act requires an expansion of Medicaid that would increase the percentage of U.S. women with health insurance, with the anticipated benefit of improved health. The 2012 ...

January 2013

PDF Format
8.

Health Care for Women in the Military and Women Veterans

Number 547

Abstract: Military service is associated with unique risks to women’s reproductive health. As increasing numbers of women are serving in the military, and a greater proportion of United States Veterans are women, it is essential that obstetrician–-gynecologists are aware of and well prepared to ad...

December 2012

PDF Format
9.

Over-the-Counter Access to Oral Contraceptives

Number 544

ABSTRACT: Unintended pregnancy remains a major public health problem in the United States. Access and cost issues are common reasons why women either do not use contraception or have gaps in use. A potential way to improve contraceptive access and use, and possibly decrease unintended pregnancy ra...

December 2012

PDF Format
10.

Access to Emergency Contraception

Number 542

ABSTRACT: Emergency contraception includes contraceptive methods used to prevent pregnancy in the first few days after unprotected intercourse, sexual assault, or contraceptive failure. Although the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the first dedicated product for emergency contraception ...

November 2012

PDF Format
11.

Health Care for Lesbians and Bisexual Women

Number 525

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Lesbians and bisexual women encounter barriers to health care that include concerns about confidentiality and disclosure, discriminatory attitudes and treatment, limited access to health care and health insurance, and often a limited understanding as to what their health risks may be. He...

May 2012

PDF Format
12.

Disclosure and Discussion of Adverse Events

Number 520

(Replaces No. 380, October 2007, Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Disclosure and discussion of adverse events in health care with the patient are morally and ethically necessary to achieve the optimal goal of respecting patient autonomy. Improving the disclosure process through education, policies, programmatic training, and accessible resources will e...

March 2012

PDF Format
13.

Intimate Partner Violence

Number 518

ABSTRACT: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant yet preventable public health problem that affects millions of women regardless of age, economic status, race, religion, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or educational background. Individuals who are subjected to IPV may have lifelong conse...

February 2012

PDF Format
14.

Health Care Systems for Underserved Women

Number 516

ABSTRACT: Underserved women are those who are unable to obtain quality health care by virtue of barriers created by poverty, cultural differences, race or ethnicity, geography, sexual orientation, gender identity, or other factors that contribute to health care inequities. With passage of the Pati...

January 2012

PDF Format
15.

Health Care for Urban American Indian and Alaska Native Women

Number 515

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT: Sixty percent of American Indian and Alaska Native women live in metropolitan areas. Most are not eligible for health care provided by the federal Indian Health Service (IHS). The IHS partly funds 34 Urban Indian Health Organizations, which vary in size and services. Some are small infor...

January 2012

PDF Format
16.

Adult Manifestations of Childhood Sexual Abuse

Number 498

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT: Long-term effects of childhood sexual abuse are varied, complex, and often devastating. Many obstetrician-gynecologists knowingly or unknowingly provide care to abuse survivors and should screen all women for a history of such abuse. Depression, anxiety, and anger are the most commonly r...

August 2011

PDF Format
17.

At-Risk Drinking and Alcohol Dependence: Obstetric and Gynecologic Implications

Number 496

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT: Compared with men, at-risk alcohol use by women has a disproportionate effect on their health and lives, including reproductive function and pregnancy outcomes. Obstetrician–gynecologists have a key role in screening and providing brief intervention, patient education, and treatment refe...

August 2011

PDF Format
18.

Increasing Use of Contraceptive Implants and Intrauterine Devices To Reduce Unintended Pregnancy

Number 450

(Reaffirmed 2011)

ABSTRACT: High unintended pregnancy rates in the United States may in part be the result of relatively low use of long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods, specifically the contraceptive implant and intrauterine devices. Top-tier reversible methods share the characteristic of requiring ...

December 2009

PDF Format
19.

Induced Abortion and Breast Cancer Risk

Number 434

(Reaffirmed 2013, Replaces No. 285, August 2003)

ABSTRACT: The relationship between induced abortion and the subsequent development of breast cancer has been the subject of a substantial amount of epidemiologic study. Early studies of the relationship between prior induced abortion and breast cancer risk were methodologically flawed. More rigoro...

June 2009

PDF Format
20.

Misoprostol for Postabortion Care

Number 427

ABSTRACT: The World Health Organization estimates that 67,000 women, mostly in developing countries, die each year from untreated or inadequately treated abortion complications. Postabortion care, a term commonly used by the international reproductive health community, refers to a specific set of ...

February 2009

PDF Format