Search Results

Return to List
Results 41–60 of 94
Title Date
41.

Adolescents and Long-Acting Reversible Contraception: Implants and Intrauterine Devices

Number 539

(Replaces No. 392, December 2007, Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC)—intrauterine devices and the contraceptive implant—are safe and appropriate contraceptive methods for most women and adolescents. The LARC methods are top-tier contraceptives based on effectiveness, with pregnancy rates of less than 1% per year...

October 2012

PDF Format
42.

Reprocessed Single-Use Devices

Number 537

ABSTRACT: The reprocessing and reuse of single-use instruments has become increasingly common. Although there are limited data on reprocessed single-use devices, existing studies have found a significant rate of physical defects, performance issues, or improper decontamination. There are currently...

October 2012

PDF Format
43.

Reproductive Health Care for Incarcerated Women and Adolescent Females

Number 535

ABSTRACT: Increasing numbers of women and adolescent females are incarcerated each year in the United States and they represent an increasing proportion of inmates in the U.S. correctional system. Incarcerated women and adolescent females often come from disadvantaged environments and have high ra...

August 2012

PDF Format
44.

Well-Woman Visit

Number 534

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: The annual health assessment (“annual examination”) is a fundamental part of medical care and is valuable in promoting prevention practices, recognizing risk factors for disease, identifying medical problems, and establishing the clinician–patient relationship. The annual health assessme...

August 2012

PDF Format
45.

Compounded Bioidentical Menopausal Hormone Therapy

Number 532

(Reaffirmed 2014, Replaces No. 387, November 2007 and No. 322, November 2005)

ABSTRACT: Although improvement in long-term health is no longer an indication for menopausal hormone therapy, evidence supporting fewer adverse events in younger women, combined with its high overall effectiveness, has reinforced its usefulness for short-term treatment of menopausal symptoms. Meno...

August 2012

PDF Format
46.

Access to Postpartum Sterilization

Number 530

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Postpartum tubal sterilization is one of the safest and most effective methods of contraception. Women who desire this type of sterilization typically undergo thorough counseling and informed consent during prenatal care and reiterate their desire for postpartum sterilization at the time...

July 2012

PDF Format
47.

Personalized Genomic Testing for Disease Risk

Number 527

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Advances in genetic technologies have led to the identification of hundreds of single nucleotide polymorphisms that are associated with a variety of complex diseases, including cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and Alzheimer disease. Although personalized genomic tests that provi...

June 2012

PDF Format
48.

Health Care for Lesbians and Bisexual Women

Number 525

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Lesbians and bisexual women encounter barriers to health care that include concerns about confidentiality and disclosure, discriminatory attitudes and treatment, limited access to health care and health insurance, and often a limited understanding as to what their health risks may be. He...

May 2012

PDF Format
49.

Disclosure and Discussion of Adverse Events

Number 520

(Replaces No. 380, October 2007, Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Disclosure and discussion of adverse events in health care with the patient are morally and ethically necessary to achieve the optimal goal of respecting patient autonomy. Improving the disclosure process through education, policies, programmatic training, and accessible resources will e...

March 2012

PDF Format
50.

Intimate Partner Violence

Number 518

ABSTRACT: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant yet preventable public health problem that affects millions of women regardless of age, economic status, race, religion, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or educational background. Individuals who are subjected to IPV may have lifelong conse...

February 2012

PDF Format
51.

Health Care Systems for Underserved Women

Number 516

ABSTRACT: Underserved women are those who are unable to obtain quality health care by virtue of barriers created by poverty, cultural differences, race or ethnicity, geography, sexual orientation, gender identity, or other factors that contribute to health care inequities. With passage of the Pati...

January 2012

PDF Format
52.

Health Care for Urban American Indian and Alaska Native Women

Number 515

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT: Sixty percent of American Indian and Alaska Native women live in metropolitan areas. Most are not eligible for health care provided by the federal Indian Health Service (IHS). The IHS partly funds 34 Urban Indian Health Organizations, which vary in size and services. Some are small infor...

January 2012

PDF Format
53.

Vaginal Placement of Synthetic Mesh for Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Number 513

ABSTRACT: Since 2004, use of synthetic mesh has increased in vaginal surgery for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse. However, concerns exist about the safety and efficacy of transvaginally placed mesh. Based on the currently available limited data, although many patients undergoing mesh-augmen...

December 2011

PDF Format
54.

Health Care for Transgender Individuals

Number 512

ABSTRACT: Transgender individuals face harassment, discrimination, and rejection within our society. Lack of awareness, knowledge, and sensitivity in health care communities eventually leads to inadequate access to, underutilization of, and disparities within the health care system for this popula...

December 2011

PDF Format
55.

Management of Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia

Number 509

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) is an increasingly common problem, particularly among women in their 40s. The term VIN is used to denote high-grade squamous lesions and is subdivided into usual-type VIN (including warty, basaloid, and mixed VIN) and differentiated VIN. Usual-type ...

November 2011

PDF Format
56.

Expedited Partner Therapy in the Management of Gonorrhea and Chlamydia by Obstetrician-Gynecologists

Number 506

ABSTRACT: Expedited partner therapy is the clinical practice of treating the sex partners of patients, in whom sexually transmitted infections are diagnosed, by providing prescriptions or medications to the patient to take to his or her partner(s) without the health care provider first examining t...

September 2011

PDF Format
57.

Understanding and Using the US Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use, 2010

Number 505

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: The 2010 U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use (U.S. MEC) issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention gives comprehensive, evidence-based guidance to clinicians providing family planning services to women, especially women with medical conditions. The Ameri...

September 2011

PDF Format
58.

Tobacco Use and Women's Health

Number 503

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT: Tobacco use negatively affects every organ system and is the most prevalent cause of premature death for adults within the United States. Compared with women who are nonsmokers, women who smoke cigarettes have greater risks of reproductive health problems, many forms of gynecologic cance...

September 2011

PDF Format
59.

Adult Manifestations of Childhood Sexual Abuse

Number 498

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT: Long-term effects of childhood sexual abuse are varied, complex, and often devastating. Many obstetrician-gynecologists knowingly or unknowingly provide care to abuse survivors and should screen all women for a history of such abuse. Depression, anxiety, and anger are the most commonly r...

August 2011

PDF Format
60.

At-Risk Drinking and Alcohol Dependence: Obstetric and Gynecologic Implications

Number 496

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT: Compared with men, at-risk alcohol use by women has a disproportionate effect on their health and lives, including reproductive function and pregnancy outcomes. Obstetrician–gynecologists have a key role in screening and providing brief intervention, patient education, and treatment refe...

August 2011

PDF Format