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Results 41–60 of 220
Title Date
41.

Adolescent Confidentiality and Electronic Health Records

Number 599

ABSTRACT Confidentiality concerns are heightened during adolescence and these concerns can be a critical barrier to adolescents in receiving appropriate health care Health care providers caring for minors should be aware of federal and state laws that affect confidentiality State statutes on the r...

May 2014

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42.

The Initial Reproductive Health Visit

Number 598

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 460, July 2010)

ABSTRACT The initial visit for screening and the provision of reproductive preventive health care services and guidance should take place between the ages of 13 years and 15 years The initial reproductive health visit provides an excellent opportunity for the obstetriciangynecologist to start a pa...

May 2014

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43.

Labor Induction or Augmentation and Autism

Number 597

Abstract Functional oxytocin deficiency and a faulty oxytocin signaling pathway have been observed in conjunction with autism spectrum disorder ASD Because exogenous synthetic oxytocin commonly is administered for labor induction and augmentation some have hypothesized that synthetic oxytocin used...

May 2014

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44.

Routine Human Immunodeficiency Virus Screening

Number 596

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 411, August 2008)

Abstract Early diagnosis and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus HIV can improve survival and reduce morbidity The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommend that females aged 1364 years be tested at least once in their li...

May 2014

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45.

Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Number 595

Abstract Preexposure prophylaxis is defined as the administration of antiretroviral medications to individuals who are not infected with human immunodeficiency virus HIV and are at the highest risk of acquiring HIV infection In combination with other proven HIVprevention methods preexposure prophy...

May 2014

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46.

Immersion in Water During Labor and Delivery

Number 594

ABSTRACT Immersion in water has been suggested as a beneficial alternative for labor or delivery or both and over the past decades has gained popularity in many parts of world Immersion in water during the first stage of labor may be associated with decreased pain or use of anesthesia and decrease...

April 2014

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47.

Sexual Assault

Number 592

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 499, August 2011)

ABSTRACT Reproductiveaged victims of sexual assault are at risk of unintended pregnancy sexually transmitted infections and mental health conditions including posttraumatic stress disorder Health care providers should screen routinely for a history of sexual assault and offer victims both emergenc...

April 2014

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48.

Challenges for Overweight and Obese Women

Number 591

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 470, October 2010)

ABSTRACT Overweight and obesity are epidemic in the United States Obesity is a risk factor for numerous conditions including diabetes hypertension high cholesterol stroke heart disease certain types of cancer and arthritis The prevalence of obesity is high exceeding 30 in adult women and men Many ...

March 2014

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49.

Preparing for Clinical Emergencies in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Number 590

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 487, April 2011)

ABSTRACT Patient care emergencies may occur at any time in any setting particularly the inpatient setting It is important that obstetriciangynecologists prepare themselves by assessing potential emergencies establishing early warning systems designating specialized first responders conducting emer...

March 2014

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50.

Female Age-Related Fertility Decline

Number 589

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 413, August 2008)

ABSTRACT The fecundity of women decreases gradually but significantly beginning approximately at age 32 years and decreases more rapidly after age 37 years Education and enhanced awareness of the effect of age on fertility are essential in counseling the patient who desires pregnancy Given the ant...

March 2014

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51.

Effective Patient–Physician Communication

Number 587

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 492, May 2011)

ABSTRACT Physicians ability to effectively and compassionately communicate information is key to a successful patientphysician relationship The current health care environment demands increasing clinical productivity and affords less time with each patient which can impede effective patientphysici...

February 2014

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52.

Health Disparities in Rural Women

Number 586

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 429, March 2009)

ABSTRACT Rural women experience poorer health outcomes and have less access to health care than urban women Many rural areas have limited numbers of health care providers especially womens health providers Rural America is heterogeneous where problems vary depending on the region and state Health ...

February 2014

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53.

Health Literacy

Number 585

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 491, May 2011)

ABSTRACT According to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies health literacy is defined as the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain process and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions The American College of Obste...

February 2014

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54.

Oocyte Cryopreservation

Number 584

ABSTRACT In 2013 the American Society for Reproductive Medicine and the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology published a joint document Mature Oocyte Cryopreservation A Guideline which addresses advances in techniques to freeze human eggs that have resulted in significant recent improvemen...

January 2014

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55.

Predispute, Voluntary, Binding Arbitration

Number 583

ABSTRACT Arbitration is a form of dispute resolution that is an alternative to taking a case to court Weighing the potential advantages and disadvantages predispute arbitration may represent a valid alternative dispute resolution strategy for physicians and patients When correctly prepared contrac...

January 2014

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56.

Addressing Health Risks of Noncoital Sexual Activity

Number 582

(Replaces No. 417, September 2008)

ABSTRACT Noncoital sexual behavior is a common expression of human sexuality which commonly cooccurs with coital behavior Sexually transmitted infections including human immunodeficiency virus HIV herpes simplex virus human papillomavirus hepatitis virus types A B and C syphilis gonorrhea and chla...

December 2013

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57.

The Use of Chromosomal Microarray Analysis in Prenatal Diagnosis

Number 581

(Replaces No. 446, November 2009) (See also Practice Bulletin No. 88)

ABSTRACT Chromosomal microarray analysis is a technique that identifies chromosomal abnormalities including submicroscopic abnormalities that are too small to be detected by conventional karyotyping Like conventional fetal karyotyping prenatal chromosomal microarray analysis requires direct testin...

December 2013

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58.

Von Willebrand Disease in Women

Number 580

(Replaces No. 451, December 2009)

ABSTRACT Von Willebrand disease the most common inherited bleeding disorder among American women is a common cause of heavy menstrual bleeding and other bleeding problems in women and adolescent girls Von Willebrand disease and other inherited and acquired disorders of coagulation and hemostasis s...

December 2013

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59.

Definition of Term Pregnancy

Number 579

ABSTRACT In the past the period from 3 weeks before until 2 weeks after the estimated date of delivery was considered term with the expectation that neonatal outcomes from deliveries in this interval were uniform and good Increasingly however research has shown that neonatal outcomes especially re...

November 2013

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60.

Elective Surgery and Patient Choice

Number 578

(Replaces No. 395, January 2008)

ABSTRACT Acknowledgment of the importance of patient autonomy and increased patient access to information such as information on the Internet has prompted more patientgenerated requests for surgical interventions not traditionally recommended Depending on the context acceding to a request for a su...

November 2013

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American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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