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The Use and Development of Checklists in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Committee Opinion Number 680, November 2016

ABSTRACT Checklists are used in medical and nonmedical settings as cognitive aids to ensure that users complete all the items associated with a particular task They are ideal for tasks with many steps for tasks performed under stressful circumstances or for reminding people to perform tasks that t...

November 2016

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Immersion in Water During Labor and Delivery

Committee Opinion Number 679, November 2016

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 594, April 2014)

ABSTRACT Immersion in water during labor or delivery has been popularized over the past several decades The prevalence of this practice in the United States is uncertain because it has not been studied in births outside of the home and birth centers and the data are not recorded on birth certifica...

November 2016

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Comprehensive Sexuality Education

Committee Opinion Number 678, November 2016

ABSTRACT Current sexuality education programs vary widely in the accuracy of content emphasis and effectiveness Data have shown that not all programs are equally effective for all ages races and ethnicities socioeconomic groups and geographic areas Studies have demonstrated that comprehensive sexu...

November 2016

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Antenatal Corticosteroid Therapy for Fetal Maturation

Committee Opinion Number 677, October 2016

ABSTRACT Corticosteroid administration before anticipated preterm birth is one of the most important antenatal therapies available to improve newborn outcomes A single course of corticosteroids is recommended for pregnant women between 24 07 weeks and 33 67 weeks of gestation including for those w...

October 2016

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Health Literacy to Promote Quality of Care

Committee Opinion Number 676, October 2016

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 585, February 2014)

ABSTRACT Health literacy is defined as the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain process and understand the basic health information and services they need to make appropriate health decisions Multiple factors affect a patients understanding of health information including cultur...

October 2016

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Management of Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia

Committee Opinion Number 675, October 2016

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 509, November 2011)

ABSTRACT Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia VIN is an increasingly common problem particularly among women in their 40s Although spontaneous regression has been reported VIN should be considered a premalignant condition Immunization with the quadrivalent or 9valent human papillomavirus vaccine which...

October 2016

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Guiding Principles for Privileging of Innovative Procedures in Gynecologic Surgery

Committee Opinion Number 674, September 2016

ABSTRACT New or emerging surgical procedures and technologies continue to be developed at a rapid rate and must be implemented safely into clinical practice Additional privileging may be required if substantively new technical or cognitive skills are required to implement an innovative procedure o...

September 2016

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Persistent Vulvar Pain

Committee Opinion Number 673, September 2016

(Replaces Committee Opinion No. 345, October 2006)

ABSTRACT Persistent vulvar pain is a complex disorder that frequently is frustrating to the patient and the clinician It can be difficult to treat and rapid resolution is unusual even with appropriate therapy Vulvar pain can be caused by a specific disorder or it can be idiopathic Idiopathic vulva...

September 2016

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Perinatal Risks Associated With Assisted Reproductive Technology

Committee Opinion Number 671, September 2016

(Replaces Committee Opinion No. 324, November 2005)

ABSTRACT Over the past decades the use of assisted reproductive technology ART has increased dramatically worldwide and has made pregnancy possible for many infertile couples Although the perinatal risks that may be associated with ART and ovulation induction are much higher in multifetal gestatio...

September 2016

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Immediate Postpartum Long-Acting Reversible Contraception

Committee Opinion Number 670, August 2016

ABSTRACT Immediate postpartum longacting reversible contraception LARC has the potential to reduce unintended and shortinterval pregnancy Women should be counseled about all forms of postpartum contraception in a context that allows informed decision making Immediate postpartum LARC should be offe...

August 2016

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Planned Home Birth

Committee Opinion Number 669, August 2016

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 476, February 2011)

ABSTRACT In the United States approximately 35000 births 09 per year occur in the home Approximately one fourth of these births are unplanned or unattended Although the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists believes that hospitals and accredited birth centers are the safest settings ...

August 2016

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Menstrual Manipulation for Adolescents With Physical and Developmental Disabilities

Committee Opinion Number 668, August 2016

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 448, December 2009)

ABSTRACT For an adolescent with physical disabilities intellectual disabilities or both and for her caregivers menstruation can present significant challenges If after an evaluation the adolescent her family and the obstetriciangynecologist have decided that menstrual intervention is warranted adv...

August 2016

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Hospital-Based Triage of Obstetric Patients

Committee Opinion Number 667, July 2016

ABSTRACT Emergency departments typically have structured triage guidelines for health care providers encountering the diverse cases that may present to their units Such guidelines aid in determining which patients must be evaluated promptly and which may wait safely and aid in determining anticipa...

July 2016

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Optimizing Postpartum Care

Committee Opinion Number 666, June 2016

ABSTRACT In the weeks after birth postpartum care often is fragmented among maternal and pediatric health care providers and communication between inpatient and outpatient settings is inconsistent To optimize postpartum care anticipatory guidance should begin during pregnancy During antenatal care...

June 2016

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Guidelines for Adolescent Health Research

Committee Opinion Number 665, June 2016

ABSTRACT Considerable uncertainty exists about what constitutes appropriate levels of protection for adolescents as research participants and about the need for parental permission The ethical principles that govern research include respect for individuals beneficence and justice as articulated in...

June 2016

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Refusal of Medically Recommended Treatment During Pregnancy

Committee Opinion Number 664, June 2016

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 321, November 2005)

ABSTRACT One of the most challenging scenarios in obstetric care occurs when a pregnant patient refuses recommended medical treatment that aims to support her wellbeing her fetuss wellbeing or both In such circumstances the obstetriciangynecologists ethical obligation to safeguard the pregnant wom...

June 2016

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Aromatase Inhibitors in Gynecologic Practice

Committee Opinion Number 663, June 2016

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 412, August 2008)

ABSTRACT Aromatase inhibitors have been used for the treatment of breast cancer ovulation induction endometriosis and other estrogenmodulated conditions For women with breast cancer bone mineral density screening is recommended with longterm aromatase inhibitor use because of risk of osteoporosis ...

June 2016

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Breast and Labial Surgery in Adolescents

Committee Opinion Number 662, May 2016

ABSTRACT The obstetriciangynecologist may receive requests from adolescents and their families for advice surgery or referral for conditions of the breast or vulva to improve appearance and function Appropriate counseling and guidance of adolescents with these concerns require a comprehensive and ...

May 2016

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Integrating Immunizations Into Practice

Committee Opinion Number 661, April 2016

ABSTRACT Immunization against vaccinepreventable diseases is an essential component of womens primary and preventive health care Despite the importance of vaccination and clear guidance from public health agencies rates of vaccination lag behind national goals Obstetriciangynecologists can play a ...

April 2016

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Family Building Through Gestational Surrogacy

Committee Opinion Number 660, March 2016

(Replaces Committee Opinion No. 397, February 2008)

ABSTRACT Gestational surrogacy is an increasingly common form of family building that can allow individuals or a couple to become parents despite circumstances in which carrying a pregnancy is biologically impossible or medically contraindicated The practice of gestational surrogacy involves a wom...

March 2016

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