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Results 161–180 of 218
Title Date
161.

Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Number 432

Reaffirmed 2014

ABSTRACT Spinal muscular atrophy SMA is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease that results from degeneration of spinal cord motor neurons leading to atrophy of skeletal muscle and overall weakness In current practice patients with a family history of SMA are being offered carrier screen...

May 2009

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162.

Preimplantation Genetic Screening for Aneuploidy

Number 430

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Preimplantation genetic screening differs from preimplantation genetic diagnosis for single gene disorders and was introduced for the detection of chromosomal aneuploidy Current data does not support a recommendation for preimplantation genetic screening for aneuploidy using fluorescence ...

March 2009

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163.

Misoprostol for Postabortion Care

Number 427

ABSTRACT The World Health Organization estimates that 67000 women mostly in developing countries die each year from untreated or inadequately treated abortion complications Postabortion care a term commonly used by the international reproductive health community refers to a specific set of service...

February 2009

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164.

Motivational Interviewing: A Tool for Behavior Change

Number 423

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Applying the principles of motivational interviewing to everyday patient interactions has been proved effective in eliciting behavior change that contributes to positive health outcomes and improved patientphysician communication Current Procedural Terminology codes are available to aid i...

January 2009

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165.

At-Risk Drinking and Illicit Drug Use Ethical Issues in Obstetric and Gynecologic Practice

Number 422

(Replaces No. 294, May 2004)

ABSTRACT Drug and alcohol abuse is a major health problem for American women regardless of their socioeconomic status race ethnicity and age It is costly to individuals and to society Obstetriciangynecologists have an ethical obligation to learn and use a protocol for universal screening questions...

December 2008

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166.

Prenatal and Perinatal Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing - Expanded Recommendations

Number 418

(Reaffirmed 2011, Replaces No. 304, November 2004)

ABSTRACT Early identification and treatment of all pregnant women with human immunodeficiency virus HIV is the best way to prevent neonatal disease and improve the womans health Human immunodeficiency virus screening is recommended for all pregnant women after they are notified that they will be t...

September 2008

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167.

Aromatase Inhibitors in Gynecologic Practice

Number 412

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Aromatase inhibitors appear to be effective as an adjuvant treatment for earlystage and latestage breast cancer Their role in chemoprevention of breast cancer in highrisk patients remains to be defined Side effects of aromatase inhibitors in postmenopausal women are due to estrogenlowerin...

August 2008

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168.

Ethical Issues in Genetic Testing

Number 410

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Genetic testing is poised to play an increasing role in the practice of obstetrics and gynecology To assure patients of the highest quality of care physicians should become familiar with the currently available array of genetic tests and the tests limitations Clinicians should be able to ...

June 2008

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169.

Direct-to-Consumer Marketing of Genetic Testing

Number 409

Reaffirmed 2014

ABSTRACT Marketing of genetic testing although similar to directtoconsumer advertising of prescription drugs raises additional concerns and considerations These include issues of limited knowledge among patients and health care providers of available genetic tests difficulty in interpretation of g...

June 2008

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170.

Umbilical Cord Blood Banking

Number 399

(Reaffirmed 2012, Replaces No. 183, April 1997)

ABSTRACT Two types of banks have emerged for the collection and storage of umbilical cord bloodpublic banks and private banks Public banks promote allogenic related or unrelated donation analogous to the current collection of whole blood units in the United States Private banks were initially deve...

February 2008

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171.

Surrogate Motherhood

Number 397

ABSTRACT Ethical responsibilities are described for obstetriciangynecologists who choose to participate in surrogacy arrangements by 1 advising couples who are considering surrogacy 2 counseling potential surrogate mothers 3 providing obstetric services for pregnant women participating in surrogac...

February 2008

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172.

Ethical Decision Making in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Number 390

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Physicians vary widely in their familiarity with ethical theories and methods and their sensitivity toward ethical issues It is important for physicians to improve their skills in addressing ethical questions Obstetriciangynecologists who are familiar with the concepts of medical ethics w...

December 2007

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173.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Number 389

ABSTRACT Because human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection often is detected through prenatal and sexually transmitted disease testing an obstetriciangynecologist may be the first health professional to provide care for a woman infected with HIV Universal testing with patient notification and rig...

December 2007

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174.

The Limits of Conscientious Refusal in Reproductive Medicine

Number 385

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Health care providers occasionally may find that providing indicated even standard care would present for them a personal moral problema conflict of conscienceparticularly in the field of reproductive medicine Although respect for conscience is important conscientious refusals should be l...

November 2007

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175.

Management of Delivery of a Newborn With Meconium-Stained Amniotic Fluid

Number 379

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT In accordance with the new guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Heart Association all infants with meconiumstained amniotic fluid should no longer routinely receive intrapartum suctioning If meconium is present and the newborn is depressed the clinician shou...

September 2007

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176.

Vaginal "Rejuvenation" and Cosmetic Vaginal Procedures

Number 378

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Socalled vaginal rejuvenation designer vaginoplasty revirgination and Gspot amplification are vaginal surgical procedures being offered by some practitioners These procedures are not medically indicated and the safety and effectiveness of these procedures have not been documented Clinicia...

September 2007

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177.

Research Involving Women

Number 377

ABSTRACT All women should be presumed to be eligible for participation in clinical studies The potential for pregnancy should not automatically exclude a woman from participating in a clinical study although the use of contraception may be required for participation Research objectives should not ...

September 2007

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178.

Nalbuphine Hydrochloride Use for Intrapartum Analgesia

Number 376

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Safety concerns have been raised regarding the use of nalbuphine hydrochloride during labor The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists finds data are insufficient to recommend any changes in nalbuphine hydrochloride administration at this time Opinion Nalbuphine hydrochloride...

August 2007

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179.

Brand Versus Generic Oral Contraceptives

Number 375

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACTThe US Food and Drug Administration considers generic and brand name oral contraceptive OC products clinically equivalent and interchangeable The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports patient or clinician requests for branded OCs or continuation of the same generic o...

August 2007

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180.

Expert Testimony

Number 374

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT It is the duty of obstetricians and gynecologists who testify as expert witnesses on behalf of defendants the government or plaintiffs to do so solely in accordance with their judgment on the merits of the case Obstetriciangynecologists must limit testimony to their sphere of medical expe...

August 2007

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American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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