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Results 81–100 of 221
Title Date
81.

Noninvasive Prenatal Testing for Fetal Aneuploidy

Number 545

ABSTRACT: Noninvasive prenatal testing that uses cell free fetal DNA from the plasma of pregnant women offers tremendous potential as a screening tool for fetal aneuploidy. Cell free fetal DNA testing should be an informed patient choice after pretest counseling and should not be part of routine p...

December 2012

PDF Format
82.

Over-the-Counter Access to Oral Contraceptives

Number 544

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Unintended pregnancy remains a major public health problem in the United States. Access and cost issues are common reasons why women either do not use contraception or have gaps in use. A potential way to improve contraceptive access and use, and possibly decrease unintended pregnancy ra...

December 2012

PDF Format
83.

Timing of Umbilical Cord Clamping After Birth

Number 543

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: The optimal timing for clamping the umbilical cord after birth has been a subject of controversy and debate. Although many randomized controlled trials in term and preterm infants have evaluated the benefits of delayed umbilical cord clamping versus immediate umbilical cord clamping, the...

December 2012

PDF Format
84.

Access to Emergency Contraception

Number 542

ABSTRACT: Emergency contraception includes contraceptive methods used to prevent pregnancy in the first few days after unprotected intercourse, sexual assault, or contraceptive failure. Although the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the first dedicated product for emergency contraception ...

November 2012

PDF Format
85.

Professional Relationships With Industry

Number 541

(Replaces No. 401, March 2008)

ABSTRACT: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (the College) has a long history of leadership in ensuring that its educational mission is evidence based and unbiased. A predecessor to this Committee Opinion was published in 1985, making the College one of the first professional ...

November 2012

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86.

Risk of Venous Thromboembolism Among Users of Drospirenone-Containing Oral Contraceptive Pills

Number 540

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Although the risk of venous thromboembolism is increased among oral contraceptive users compared with nonusers who are not pregnant and not taking hormones, and some data have suggested that use of drospirenone-containing pills has a higher risk of venous thromboembolism, this risk is st...

November 2012

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87.

Adolescents and Long-Acting Reversible Contraception: Implants and Intrauterine Devices

Number 539

(Replaces No. 392, December 2007, Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC)—intrauterine devices and the contraceptive implant—are safe and appropriate contraceptive methods for most women and adolescents. The LARC methods are top-tier contraceptives based on effectiveness, with pregnancy rates of less than 1% per year...

October 2012

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88.

Nonmedical Use of Prescription Drugs

Number 538

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: The nonmedical use of prescription drugs, particularly opioids, sedatives, and stimulants, has been cited as epidemic in the United States, accounting for increasing numbers of emergency department visits and deaths from reactions and overdoses. The prevalence of prescription drug abuse ...

October 2012

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89.

Reprocessed Single-Use Devices

Number 537

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: The reprocessing and reuse of single-use instruments has become increasingly common. Although there are limited data on reprocessed single-use devices, existing studies have found a significant rate of physical defects, performance issues, or improper decontamination. There are currently...

October 2012

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90.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and Women of Color

Number 536

(Replaces Committee Opinion No. 414, August 2008)

ABSTRACT: In the United States, most new cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) occur among women of color (primarily African American and Hispanic women). Most women of color acquire the disease from heterosexual contact, often from a p...

September 2012

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91.

Reproductive Health Care for Incarcerated Women and Adolescent Females

Number 535

ABSTRACT: Increasing numbers of women and adolescent females are incarcerated each year in the United States and they represent an increasing proportion of inmates in the U.S. correctional system. Incarcerated women and adolescent females often come from disadvantaged environments and have high ra...

August 2012

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92.

Well-Woman Visit

Number 534

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: The annual health assessment (“annual examination”) is a fundamental part of medical care and is valuable in promoting prevention practices, recognizing risk factors for disease, identifying medical problems, and establishing the clinician–patient relationship. The annual health assessme...

August 2012

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93.

Lead Screening During Pregnancy and Lactation

Number 533

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Prenatal lead exposure has known adverse effects on maternal health and infant outcomes across a wide range of maternal blood lead levels. Adverse effects of lead exposure are being identified at lower levels of exposure than previously recognized in both children and adults. In 2010, th...

August 2012

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94.

Compounded Bioidentical Menopausal Hormone Therapy

Number 532

(Reaffirmed 2014, Replaces No. 387, November 2007 and No. 322, November 2005)

ABSTRACT: Although improvement in long-term health is no longer an indication for menopausal hormone therapy, evidence supporting fewer adverse events in younger women, combined with its high overall effectiveness, has reinforced its usefulness for short-term treatment of menopausal symptoms. Meno...

August 2012

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95.

Improving Medication Safety

Number 531

(Reaffirmed 2014, Replaces No. 331, April 2006 and No. 400, March 2008)

ABSTRACT: Despite significant national attention, medical errors continue to pervade the U.S. health care system. Medication-related errors consistently rank at the top of all medical errors, which account for thousands of preventable deaths annually in the United States. There are a variety of me...

August 2012

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96.

Access to Postpartum Sterilization

Number 530

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Postpartum tubal sterilization is one of the safest and most effective methods of contraception. Women who desire this type of sterilization typically undergo thorough counseling and informed consent during prenatal care and reiterate their desire for postpartum sterilization at the time...

July 2012

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97.

Placenta Accreta

Number 529

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Placenta accreta is a potentially life-threatening obstetric condition that requires a multidisciplinary approach to management. The incidence of placenta accreta has increased and seems to parallel the increasing cesarean delivery rate. Women at greatest risk of placenta accreta are tho...

July 2012

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98.

Adoption

Number 528

(Replaces No. 368, June 2007)

ABSTRACT: Obstetrician–gynecologists may find themselves at the center of adoption issues because of their expertise in the assessment and management of infertility, pregnancy, and childbirth. The lack of clarity about both ethical issues and legal consequences may create challenges for physicians...

June 2012

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99.

Personalized Genomic Testing for Disease Risk

Number 527

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Advances in genetic technologies have led to the identification of hundreds of single nucleotide polymorphisms that are associated with a variety of complex diseases, including cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and Alzheimer disease. Although personalized genomic tests that provi...

June 2012

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100.

Standardization of Practice to Improve Outcomes

Number 526

ABSTRACT: Protocols and checklists have been shown to improve patient safety through standardization and communication. Standardization of practice to improve quality outcomes is an important tool in achieving the shared vision of patients and their health care providers. Opinion Protocols and ...

May 2012

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American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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