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21.

Intimate Partner Violence

Committee Opinion Number 518, February 2012

ABSTRACT Intimate partner violence IPV is a significant yet preventable public health problem that affects millions of women regardless of age economic status race religion ethnicity sexual orientation or educational background Individuals who are subjected to IPV may have lifelong consequences in...

February 2012

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22.

Adult Manifestations of Childhood Sexual Abuse

Committee Opinion Number 498, August 2011

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Longterm effects of childhood sexual abuse are varied complex and often devastating Many obstetriciangynecologists knowingly or unknowingly provide care to abuse survivors and should screen all women for a history of such abuse Depression anxiety and anger are the most commonly reported e...

August 2011

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23.

At-Risk Drinking and Alcohol Dependence: Obstetric and Gynecologic Implications

Committee Opinion Number 496, August 2011

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Compared with men atrisk alcohol use by women has a disproportionate effect on their health and lives including reproductive function and pregnancy outcomes Obstetriciangynecologists have a key role in screening and providing brief intervention patient education and treatment referral for...

August 2011

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24.

Methamphetamine Abuse in Women of Reproductive Age

Committee Opinion Number 479, March 2011

(Reaffirmed 2013)

ABSTRACT Methamphetamine abuse has continued to increase in the United States since the late 1980s with its use spreading from the West Coast to areas across the country Methamphetamine use in pregnancy endangers the health of the woman and increases the risk of low birth weight and small for gest...

March 2011

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25.

Family History as a Risk Assessment Tool

Committee Opinion Number 478, March 2011

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Family history plays a critical role in assessing the risk of inherited medical conditions and single gene disorders Several methods have been established to obtain family medical histories including the family history questionnaire or checklist and the pedigree The screening tool selecte...

March 2011

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26.

Ethical Issues in Genetic Testing

Committee Opinion Number 410, June 2008

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT Genetic testing is poised to play an increasing role in the practice of obstetrics and gynecology To assure patients of the highest quality of care physicians should become familiar with the currently available array of genetic tests and the tests limitations Clinicians should be able to ...

June 2008

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27.

Direct-to-Consumer Marketing of Genetic Testing

Committee Opinion Number 409, June 2008

Reaffirmed 2016

ABSTRACT Marketing of genetic testing although similar to directtoconsumer advertising of prescription drugs raises additional concerns and considerations These include issues of limited knowledge among patients and health care providers of available genetic tests difficulty in interpretation of g...

June 2008

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28.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Committee Opinion Number 389, December 2007

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Because human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection often is detected through prenatal and sexually transmitted disease testing an obstetriciangynecologist may be the first health professional to provide care for a woman infected with HIV Universal testing with patient notification and rig...

December 2007

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29.

Avoiding Inappropriate Clinical Decisions Based on False-Positive Human Chorionic Gonadotropin Test Results

Committee Opinion Number 278, November 2002

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Clinically significant falsepositive human chorionic gonadotropin hCG test results are rare However some individuals have circulating factors in their serum eg heterophilic antibodies or nonactive forms of hCG that interact with the hCG antibody and cause unusual or unexpected test result...

November 2002

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30.

Tubal Ligation with Cesarean Delivery

Committee Opinion Number 205, August 1998

Tubal ligation at the time of cesarean delivery requires significant additional physician work even though the technical work of the procedure is brief Informed consent by the patient requires considerably more counseling by the physician regarding potential risks and benefits of this procedure th...

August 1998

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