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21.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Committee Opinion Number 389, December 2007

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Because human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection often is detected through prenatal and sexually transmitted disease testing an obstetriciangynecologist may be the first health professional to provide care for a woman infected with HIV Universal testing with patient notification and rig...

December 2007

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22.

Human Trafficking

Committee Opinion Number 507, September 2011

ABSTRACT Human trafficking is a widespread problem with estimates ranging from 14000 to 50000 individuals trafficked into the United States annually This hidden population involves the commercial sex industry agriculture factories hotel and restaurant businesses domestic workers marriage brokers a...

September 2011

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23.

Informed Consent

Committee Opinion Number 439, August 2009

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Obtaining informed consent for medical treatment for participation in medical research and for participation in teaching exercises involving students and residents is an ethical requirement that is partially reflected in legal doctrines and requirements As an ethical doctrine informed con...

August 2009

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24.

Innovative Practice: Ethical Guidelines

Committee Opinion Number 352, December 2006

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Innovations in medical practice are critical to the advancement of medicine Good clinicians constantly adapt and modify their clinical approaches in ways they believe will benefit patients Innovative practice frequently is approached very differently from formal research which is governed...

December 2006

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25.

Institutional Responsibility to Provide Legal Representation

Committee Opinion Number 370, July 2007

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Hospitals academic institutions professional corporations and other health care organizations should have policies and procedures by which alleged violations of professional behavior can be reported and investigated These institutions should adopt policies on legal representation and inde...

July 2007

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26.

Maternal-Fetal Intervention and Fetal Care Centers

Committee Opinion Number 501, August 2011

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT The past two decades have yielded profound advances in the fields of prenatal diagnosis and fetal intervention Although fetal interventions are driven by a beneficencebased motivation to improve fetal and neonatal outcomes advancement in fetal therapies raises ethical issues surrounding m...

August 2011

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27.

Multifetal Pregnancy Reduction

Committee Opinion Number 553, February 2013

(Reaffirmed 2016. Replaces Committee Opinion Number 369, June 2007)

ABSTRACT Fertility treatments have contributed significantly to the increase in multifetal pregnancies The first approach to the problem of multifetal pregnancies should be prevention and strategies to limit multifetal pregnancies especially highorder multifetal pregnancies should be practiced by ...

February 2013

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28.

Patient Testing Ethical Issues in Selection and Counseling

Committee Opinion Number 363, April 2007

(Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT Recommendations to patients about testing should be based on current medical knowledge a concern for the patients best interests and mutual consultation In addition to establishing a diagnosis testing provides opportunities to educate inform and advise The ethical principles of respect fo...

April 2007

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29.

Professional Relationships With Industry

Committee Opinion Number 541, November 2012

(Replaces No. 401, March 2008, Reaffirmed 2015)

ABSTRACT The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists the College has a long history of leadership in ensuring that its educational mission is evidence based and unbiased A predecessor to this Committee Opinion was published in 1985 making the College one of the first professional assoc...

November 2012

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30.

Professional Responsibilities in Obstetric-Gynecologic Medical Education and Training

Committee Opinion Number 500, August 2011

(Reaffirmed 2014, Replaces No. 358, January 2007)

ABSTRACT The education of health care professionals is essential to maintaining standards of medical competence and access to care by patients Inherent in the education of health care professionals is the problem of disparity in power and authority including the power of teachers over learners and...

August 2011

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31.

Refusal of Medically Recommended Treatment During Pregnancy

Committee Opinion Number 664, June 2016

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 321, November 2005)

ABSTRACT One of the most challenging scenarios in obstetric care occurs when a pregnant patient refuses recommended medical treatment that aims to support her wellbeing her fetuss wellbeing or both In such circumstances the obstetriciangynecologists ethical obligation to safeguard the pregnant wom...

June 2016

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32.

Routine Human Immunodeficiency Virus Screening

Committee Opinion Number 596, May 2014

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 411, August 2008)

Abstract Early diagnosis and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus HIV can improve survival and reduce morbidity The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommend that females aged 1364 years be tested at least once in their li...

May 2014

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33.

Seeking and Giving Consultation

Committee Opinion Number 365, May 2007

Reaffirmed 2016

ABSTRACT Consultations usually are sought when practitioners with primary clinical responsibility recognize conditions or situations that are beyond their level of expertise or available resources One way to maximize prompt effective consultation and collegial relationships is to have a formal con...

May 2007

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34.

Sexual Misconduct

Committee Opinion Number 373, August 2007

Reaffirmed 2016

ABSTRACT The physicianpatient relationship is damaged when there is either confusion regarding professional roles and behavior or clear lack of integrity that allows sexual exploitation and harm Sexual contact or a romantic relationship between a physician and a current patient is always unethical...

August 2007

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35.

Sterilization of Women Including Those With Mental Disabilities

Committee Opinion Number 371, July 2007

Reaffirmed 2016

ABSTRACT Sterilization like any other surgical procedure must be carried out under the general ethical principles of respect for autonomy beneficence and justice Women requesting sterilization should be encouraged to discuss their decision and associated issues with their husbands or other appropr...

July 2007

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36.

The Limits of Conscientious Refusal in Reproductive Medicine

Committee Opinion Number 385, November 2007

Reaffirmed 2016

ABSTRACT Health care providers occasionally may find that providing indicated even standard care would present for them a personal moral problema conflict of conscienceparticularly in the field of reproductive medicine Although respect for conscience is important conscientious refusals should be l...

November 2007

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