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The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has identified the following resources that may be helpful for ob-gyns, other health care providers and patients on topics related to Committee Opinion #649 “Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Obstetrics and Gynecology.” These materials are for information purposes only and are not meant to be comprehensive. Referral to these resources does not imply ACOG’s endorsement of the organization, the organization’s website, or the content of the resource. The resources may change without notice.

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Resources for Ob-Gyns and Women’s Health Care Providers
External Resources

Resources for Ob-Gyns and Women’s Health Care Providers

ACOG Publications and Resources
“Benefits to Women of Medicaid Expansion through the Affordable Care Act” (Committee Opinion #552)
This Committee Opinion by ACOG provides an overview of Medicaid expansion as a key strategy to improve women’s health and address disparities.

“Community Involvement and Volunteerism” (Committee Opinion #437)
This Committee Opinion by ACOG encourages ob-gyns to make a significant positive impact on women’s health through volunteer opportunities in local communities, professional organizations, and internationally.

“Cultural Sensitivity and Awareness in the Delivery of Health Care” (Committee Opinion #493)
This Committee Opinion by ACOG provides examples of how culturally sensitive communication with patients can improve the quality of care provided, a key element of eliminating health care disparities.

“Cultural Sensitivity and Awareness in Women’s Health Care” (online toolkit)
This online toolkit, produced by ACOG in 2013, includes video trainings and slide sets for ob-gyns and other women’s health care providers and their staff to improve cultural competence, a key element of eliminating health care disparities.

“Effective Patient-Physician Communication” (Committee Opinion #587)
This Committee Opinion by ACOG introduces several models that may assist physicians in communicating effectively and respectfully with patients in order to reduce health disparities.

“Forming a Just Health Care System” (Committee Opinion #456)
This Committee Opinion by ACOG explores justifications behind advocating for reform of the health care system to include universal coverage in the form of affordable and effective health care for all residents of the United States.

“Health Care for Unauthorized Immigrants” (Committee Opinion #627)
This Committee Opinion by ACOG addresses the particular health needs of unauthorized immigrant women and makes recommendations for how ob-gyns can best advocate and care for unauthorized immigrant women.

“Health Care for Urban American Indian and Alaska Native Women” (Committee Opinion #515)
This Committee Opinion by ACOG addresses the particular health needs of American Indian and Alaska Native women who live in metropolitan areas and makes recommendations for how ob-gyns can best care for women in these populations.

“Health Care Systems for Underserved Women” (Committee Opinion #516)
This Committee Opinion by ACOG addresses the potential effects of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) on access to health care for underserved women.

“Health Disparities in Rural Women” (Committee Opinion #586)
This Committee Opinion by ACOG addresses the particular health needs of women who live in rural areas and makes recommendations for how ob-gyns can best care for rural women.

External Resources

“Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care” (Institute of Medicine report)
This 2002 report from the Institute of Medicine assesses the extent of racial and ethnic health disparities in the United States, explores possible causes of these disparities, and describes interventions that may help to eliminate these disparities, including further research needed.

“National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports” (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality)
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality produces these annual reports examining disparities in the quality of and access to health care and highlights year over year trends in the size and presence of disparities at the patient and system levels.

“CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report – United States, 2013” (U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
This 2013 supplement to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Weekly Morbidity and Mortality Report highlights health disparities and inequalities for a variety of conditions.

Implicit Association Tests from Project Implicit
Project Implicit translates academic research regarding social cognition into practical application for addressing diversity, improving decision-making, and increasing the likelihood that practices are aligned with personal and organizational values. The Project offers the opportunity to learn about and take Implicit Association Tests that measure the strength of unconscious biases about race and ethnicity, sexuality, gender, and other characteristics.

“Diversity and Inclusion Initiative” (Association of American Medical Colleges)
The Diversity and Inclusion Initiative of the Association of American Medical Colleges provides resources and trainings that may assist with recruiting obstetrician-gynecologists and other health care professionals from racial and ethnic minorities.

American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
409 12th Street SW, Washington, DC  20024-2188 | Mailing Address: PO Box 70620, Washington, DC 20024-9998