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BRCA1 and BRCA2 Mutations


Cancer is a complex disease thought to be caused by several different factors. A few types of cancer run in families. These types, called “hereditary” or “familial” cancer, have been linked to changes in genes that can be passed from parents to children. Changes in genes are called mutations. He...

March 2015

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Reducing Your Risk of Cancer


What causes cancer? Cancer occurs when old cells do not die when they should or are damaged. Normally, the body repairs or destroys such cells. Sometimes, these cells may grow out of control. This causes growths or tumors to form. Tumors can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). Benign ...

July 2014

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Benign Breast Problems and Conditions


What is breast tissue made of? Your breasts are made up of glands, fat, and fibrous tissue. Each breast has 15–20 sections called lobes. Each lobe has many smaller lobules. The lobules end in dozens of tiny glands that can produce milk. What kinds of changes occur in breast tissue throughout l...

November 2012

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Breast Screening: Mammography and Breast Self-Awareness


What is a screening test? A screening test is used to find diseases, such as cancer, in people who do not have signs or symptoms. This allows early treatment. The earlier cancer is treated, the greater the chance of survival. Gynecologic Problems What is a screening test?  What s...

April 2012

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Cystic Fibrosis - Prenatal Screening and Diagnosis


What is cystic fibrosis (CF)? Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder. It is caused by an abnormal gene that is passed from parent to child. It is a lifelong illness that affects all of the organs of the body and often causes problems with digestion and breathing. It does not affect a person's...

August 2011

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American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
409 12th Street SW, Washington, DC  20024-2188 | Mailing Address: PO Box 70620, Washington, DC 20024-9998