Search Results

Results 1–10 of 32
Title Date

Cell-free DNA Prenatal Screening Test (Infographic)

PFSI008 How the Test Is Done CELLFREE DNA PRENATAL SCREENING TEST What is it The cellfree DNA prenatal screening test also called cfDNA test screens for certain conditions caused by an abnormal number of chromosomes It does not test for all types of chromosomal disorders Screening tests are used t...

September 2015


Diagnostic Tests for Birth Defects


What are prenatal diagnostic tests Prenatal diagnostic tests are tests that can detect certain disorders before a baby is born Pregnancy What are prenatal diagnostic testsnbsp How are prenatal diagnostic tests different from screening testsnbsp What is a birth defectnbsp What is a genetic disorder...

September 2015

PDF Format

Testing for Human Immunodeficiency Virus


Human immunodeficiency virus HIV is the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS HIV can enter the bloodstream through contact with an infected persons body fluids such as blood or semen This can happen during sex or by sharing needles used to inject drugs An infected woman who is...

August 2015

PDF Format

Ovarian Cysts


What is an ovarian cyst An ovarian cyst is a sac or pouch filled with fluid or other tissue that forms on the ovary Ovarian cysts are quite common in women during their childbearing years A woman can develop one cyst or many cysts Ovarian cysts can vary in size In most cases cysts are harmless and...

July 2015

PDF Format

Cervical Cancer


What is cancer of the cervix A womans cervix the opening of the uterus at the top of the vagina is covered by a thin layer of tissue made up of cells Healthy cells grow divide and are replaced as needed Cancer of the cervix occurs when these cells change Cancer cells divide more rapidly They may g...

April 2015

PDF Format

Ovarian Cancer


What is cancer Cancer occurs when old cells do not die when they should or are damaged Normally the body repairs or destroys such cells Sometimes these cells may grow out of control This causes growths or tumors to form Tumors can be benign not cancer or malignant cancer Benign tumors do not sprea...

April 2015

PDF Format



What is colposcopy Colposcopy is a way of looking at the cervix through a special magnifying device called a colposcope It shines a light into the vagina and onto the cervix A colposcope can greatly enlarge the normal view This exam allows the health care provider to find problems that cannot be s...

April 2015

PDF Format

Group B Strep and Pregnancy


What is group B streptococcus GBS Group B streptococcus is one of the many types of bacteria that live in the body and usually do not cause serious illness It is found in the digestive urinary and reproductive tracts of men and women In women it can be found in the vagina and rectum GBS is not a s...

March 2015

PDF Format

BRCA1 and BRCA2 Mutations


Cancer is a complex disease thought to be caused by several different factors A few types of cancer run in families These types called hereditary or familial cancer have been linked to changes in genes that can be passed from parents to children Changes in genes are called mutations Hereditary bre...

March 2015

PDF Format

Abnormal Cervical Cancer Screening Test Results


What is cervical cancer screening Cervical cancer screening is used to find abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix that could lead to cancer Screening includes the Pap test and for some women testing for a virus called human papillomavirus HPV see FAQ085 Cervical Cancer Screening Gynecologic ...

January 2015

PDF Format

American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
409 12th Street SW, Washington, DC  20024-2188 | Mailing Address: PO Box 70620, Washington, DC 20024-9998