Search Results

Results 1–10 of 28
Title Date
1.

Ovarian Cysts

FAQ075

What is an ovarian cyst? An ovarian cyst is a sac or pouch filled with fluid or other tissue that forms on the ovary. Ovarian cysts are quite common in women during their childbearing years. A woman can develop one cyst or many cysts. Ovarian cysts can vary in size. In most cases, cysts are harml...

July 2014

PDF Format
2.

Ovarian Cancer

FAQ096

What is cancer? Cancer occurs when old cells do not die when they should or are damaged. Normally, the body repairs or destroys such cells. Sometimes, these cells may grow out of control. This causes growths or tumors to form. Tumors can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). Benign tumo...

July 2014

PDF Format
3.

Cervical Cancer Screening

FAQ085

What is cervical cancer screening? Cervical cancer screening is used to find changes in the cells of the cervix that could lead to cancer (see the FAQ Cervical Cancer). Screening includes the Pap test and, for some women, testing for human papillomavirus (HPV) (see the FAQ Human Papillomavirus [H...

July 2014

PDF Format
4.

Cervical Cancer

FAQ163

What is cancer of the cervix? A woman’s cervix (the opening of the uterus at the top of the vagina) is covered by a thin layer of tissue made up of cells. Healthy cells grow, divide, and are replaced as needed. Cancer of the cervix occurs when these cells change. Cancer cells divide more rapidly....

July 2014

PDF Format
5.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection

FAQ073

What is human papillomavirus (HPV)? Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a virus that can be passed from person to person through skin-to-skin contact. More than 100 types of HPV have been found. About 30 of these types infect the genital areas of men and women and are spread from person to person throu...

July 2014

PDF Format
6.

Testing for Human Immunodeficiency Virus

PFS005

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). HIV can enter the bloodstream through contact with the body fluids of an infected person, such as blood or semen. This can happen during sex or by sharing needles used to inject drugs. An infecte...

May 2014

PDF Format
7.

Diagnostic Tests for Birth Defects

FAQ164

What are diagnostic tests for birth defects? Prenatal diagnostic tests are able to detect some birth defects before a baby is born. Pregnancy What are diagnostic tests for birth defects?  What is a birth defect?  What causes birth defects?  What other types ...

May 2014

PDF Format
8.

Screening Tests for Birth Defects

FAQ165

What is a birth defect? A birth defect is a problem that is present at birth, although it may not be noticed until the child is older. Birth defects may affect any part of the body, including major organs such as the heart, lungs, or brain. The defect may affect the baby’s appearance, a body func...

April 2014

PDF Format
9.

Genetic Disorders

FAQ094

What are genes? A gene is a small piece of hereditary material called DNA that controls some aspect of a person’s physical makeup or a process in the body. Genes come in pairs. Pregnancy What are genes?  What are chromosomes?  What determines my baby’s sex?  ...

April 2014

PDF Format
10.

Routine Tests During Pregnancy

FAQ133

Why are tests done during pregnancy? A number of lab tests are suggested for all women as part of routine prenatal care. These tests can help find conditions that can increase the risk of complications for you and your fetus. Pregnancy Why are tests done during pregnancy?  What...

January 2014

PDF Format