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1.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

FAQ077

What is pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)? Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the female reproductive organs. It is a common illness. Pelvic inflammatory disease is diagnosed in more than 1 million women each year in the United States. Pelvic inflammatory disease occurs when bacteri...

May 2011

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2.

Perimenopausal Bleeding and Bleeding After Menopause

FAQ162

What are menopause and perimenopause? Menopause is defined as the absence of menstrual periods for 1 year. The average age of menopause is 51 years, but the normal range is 45 years to 55 years. The years leading up to this point are called perimenopause. This term means "around menopause." Thi...

May 2011

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3.

Pelvic Support Problems

FAQ012

What are pelvic support problems? The pelvic organs include the vagina, cervix, uterus, bladder, urethra, small intestines, and rectum. The pelvic organs are held in place by muscles of the pelvic floor. Layers of connective tissue called fascia also provide support. These supporting muscles and ...

May 2011

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4.

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

FAQ057

What is premenstrual syndrome (PMS)? Many women feel physical or mood changes during the days before menstruation. When these symptoms happen month after month, and they affect a woman's normal life, they are known as PMS. Gynecologic Problems What is premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?  ...

May 2011

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5.

Uterine Fibroids

FAQ074

What are uterine fibroids? Uterine fibroids are benign (not cancer) growths that develop from the muscle tissue of the uterus. They also are called leiomyomas or myomas. The size, shape, and location of fibroids can vary greatly. They may be present inside the uterus, on its outer surface or with...

May 2011

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6.

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

FAQ050

How do urinary tract infections (UTIs) develop? Most urinary tract infections start in the lower urinary tract, which is made up of the urethra and bladder. Bacteria from the bowel live on the skin near the anus or in the vagina. These bacteria can spread and enter the urinary tract through the u...

May 2011

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7.

Urinary Incontinence

FAQ081

What is urinary incontinence? Leakage of urine is called urinary incontinence. Some women leak small amounts of urine. At other times, leakage of urine is frequent or severe. Gynecologic Problems What is urinary incontinence?  Are there different types of urinary incontinence?&...

May 2011

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8.

Your First Gynecologic Visit (Especially for Teens)

FAQ150

When should I have my first gynecologic visit? An obstetrician-gynecologist (ob-gyn) is a doctor who specializes in the health care of women. Girls should have their first gynecologic visit between the ages of 13 years and 15 years. Especially For Teens When should I have my first gyneco...

May 2011

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9.

Your Sexual Health

FAQ072

What causes sexual problems in women? Some common causes of sexual problems in women include the following: Aging—A woman's libido (another term for interest in and desire for sex) and sexual activity sometimes decrease with age. This decrease is normal and usually is not a cause for concern, but...

May 2011

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10.

When Sex Is Painful

FAQ020

How common is painful sex? Pain during intercourse is very common—nearly 3 out of 4 women have pain during intercourse at some time during their lives. For some women, the pain is only a temporary problem; for others, it is a long-term problem. Gynecologic Problems How common is painful ...

May 2011

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