Ages 19–39 Years: Exams and Screening Tests

The following exams and screening tests are recommended for women in this age group:

Exam/Screening Test

 

What and Why

 

When

 

Cervical cancer screening

 

A sample of cells is taken from the cervix to look for changes that could lead to cancer (Pap test); this test may be combined with testing for human papillomavirus in women aged 30 years and older

 

Age 21–29 years: Pap test every 3 years

Age 30 years and older:

Preferred: Pap test and human papillomavirus testing (co-testing) every 5 years 

Optional: Pap test alone every 3 years 

 

Chlamydia and gonorrhea testing

 

A sample of cells is taken from any area where there may be an infection to check for the sexually transmitted diseases gonorrhea and chlamydia. A urine test also is available for both diseases.  

 

If 25 years or younger and sexually active

 

Clinical breast exam

 

Breast exam by a health care provider

 

Every 1–3 years beginning at age 20 years

 

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test

 

A test to check for HIV, a virus that can cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

 

 

 

 

At least once during your lifetime; review annually for risk factors to determine if repeat testing is needed

 

 

Next: Ages 19–39 Years: Immunizations

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