Ages 19–39 Years: Exams and Screening Tests

The following exams and screening tests are recommended for women in this age group:


Exam/Screening Test


What and Why




Cervical cancer screening


A sample of cells is taken from the cervix to look for changes that could lead to cancer (Pap test); this test may be combined with testing for human papillomavirus in women aged 30 years and older


Age 21–29 years: Pap test every 3 years

Age 30 years and older:

Preferred: Pap test and human papillomavirus testing (co-testing) every 5 years 

Optional: Pap test alone every 3 years 


Chlamydia and gonorrhea testing


A sample of cells is taken from any area where there may be an infection to check for the sexually transmitted diseases gonorrhea and chlamydia. A urine test also is available for both diseases.  


If 25 years or younger and sexually active


Clinical breast exam


Breast exam by a health care provider


Every 1–3 years beginning at age 20 years


Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test


A test to check for HIV, a virus that can cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)





At least once during your lifetime; review annually for risk factors to determine if repeat testing is needed



Next: Ages 19–39 Years: Immunizations

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