Ages 19–39 Years: Exams and Screening Tests

The following exams and screening tests are recommended for women in this age group:

 

Exam/Screening Test

 

What and Why

 

When

 

Cervical cancer screening

A sample of cells is taken from the cervix to look for changes that could lead to cancer (Pap test); this test may be combined with testing for human papillomavirus (HPV) in women aged 30 years and older

 

Age 21–29 years: Pap test alone every 3 years

Age 30 years and older:

-Preferred: Co-testing (Pap test plus HPV test) every 5 years 

-Optional: Pap test alone every 3 years 

 

 

A sample of cells is taken from any area where there may be an infection to check for the sexually transmitted infections gonorrhea and chlamydia. A urine test also is available for both infections.

 

 

Annually if you are

-24 years and younger and sexually active or

-25 years and older and have risk factors (such as multiple partners, a new sexual partner, or recent diagnosis with another sexually transmitted infection)

 

 

Breast exam by a health care professional

 

Every 1–3 years beginning at age 20 years

 

 

A test to check for HIV, a virus that can cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

 

 

 

 

At least once during your lifetime; review annually for risk factors to determine if repeat testing is needed

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Next: Ages 19–39 Years: Immunizations

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American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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