Committee Opinion on Reproductive Health Care for Adolescents with Human Immunodeficiency Virus
The Committee on Adolescent Health Care developed a Committee Opinion on Reproductive Health Care for Adolescents with Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Adolescents make up an increasing percentage of the U.S. population with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Adolescent-focused care is critical to identify and reduce at-risk behavior, comorbidities, and partner transmission. Optimal medical and reproductive health care, both now and in the future, with an adolescent-focused approach, are important for HIV-infected adolescents. Adolescents who are infected with HIV should receive care that allows them to realize their sexual and reproductive goals while maximizing their personal health and minimizing the risk of unintended pregnancy, acquisition of new sexually transmitted infections, and transmission of infection to partners or offspring. Key strategies for preventing the spread of infection include, early diagnosis, guideline-based treatment, and partner notification of HIV status.